"The earliest Tarim mummies, found at Qäwrighul and dated to 1800 BCE, are of a Caucasoid physical type whose closest affiliation is to the Bronze Age populations of southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, and the Lower Volga.:237
The cemetery at Yanbulaq contained 29 mummies which date from 1100–500 BCE, 21 of which are Mongoloid—the earliest Mongoloid mummies found in the Tarim basin—and 8 of which are of the same Caucasoid physical type found at Qäwrighul.:237
Notable mummies are the tall, red-haired "Chärchän man" or the
"Ur-David" (1000 BCE); his son (1000 BCE), a small 1-year-old baby with
blond hair protruding from under a red and blue felt cap, and blue
stones in place of the eyes; the "Hami Mummy" (c.
a "red-headed beauty" found in Qizilchoqa; and the "Witches of Subeshi"
(4th or 3rd century BCE), who wore two foot long black felt conical
hats with a flat brim.Also found at Subeshi was a man with traces of a surgical operation on
his neck; the incision is sewn up with sutures made of horsehair.
Surgery was considered heretical in ancient Chinese medical tradition
(le textile mène à tout!)